Your baby’s umbilical cord fluid is rich in stem cells that are handy in the treatment of cancer, immune system disorders, and blood diseases like anemia. Collecting umbilical cord fluid is a simple process and gives significantly more stem cells than you can get from bone marrow.
If you want to store your baby’s umbilical cord blood after the birth, your doctor will clamp the umbilical cord in two parts, about 10 inches apart, and cut the cord to separate the mother from baby. They then will insert a needle to collect at least 40 milliliters of blood from the umbilical cord.
They will seal the blood in a bag and send it to a cord blood bank or a la for testing and storage. The best part of the stem cell storage is that it takes only a few minutes and causes no pain to the mother and newborn.
Some cord banks may also provide tubes to collect the mother’s blood as well. These banking kits also include instructions with blood collection tubes. Stem cells storage is possible through three options, such as below:
Public Cord Banks
Public cord banks offer stem cell storage for free. They also provide donations for everyone who needs it and use the donated cord blood to conduct studies.
Private Cord Banks
They work commercially and store the donated blood to make it available for the use of the donor and their family members. Private cord banks are expensive and charge a fee to initiate the process and an annual fee for stem cell storage.
Direct Donation Banks
Direct donation banks combine private and public banks. It means they store umbilical cord blood and make it available for anyone who needs it, and also accept donations reserved for families. Like public cord banks, they do not charge any fee.